Mata Bhag Kaur

“She is the most beautiful among women who loves the Guru and wears this jewel on her forehead.”

– Guru Nanak Dev (AGGS, 54)

Mai Bhago, Mata Bhag Kaur, Sikh Women

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Shield detail, Mai Bhago, Mata Bhag Kaur, Sikh WomenMata Bhag Kaur detail, Mai Bhago, Mata Bhag Kaur, Sikh Women40 Mukte detail, Chali Mukte, Mai Bhago, Mata Bhag Kaur, Sikh Women

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Mata Bhag Kaur, famously known as Mai Bhago, was a descendent of Pero Shah, a Muslim Dhillon Jatt who had converted during the time of Guru Arjan. Born in a village known as Jhabal, Mai Bhago was married to Nidhan Singh Varaich. She is known for persuading the Sikhs – that deserted Guru Gobind Singh ji in difficult times – to apologize for their action. Mughals and hill chiefs had surrounded Anandpur, and were demanding it be evacuated. They announced that any Sikh who would say that “he/she is not a Sikh of Guru Gobind anymore” will be left untouched, while others will be done to death. A group of forty Sikhs, led by Mahan Singh Brar told Guru Gobind Singh that they were no longer his Sikhs. Guru Sahib asked them to put this in a document and sign it. They all did so, and left Anandpur. When Mai Bhago heard of this, she was distressed. She rode to their gathering, and made them realize their mistake. She set off along with them and some other Sikhs, to find the Guru. Guru Gobind Singh ji, who had to evacuate the fort of Anadpur, was now being pursued by the Mughal army. Guru Sahib’s youngest sons got lost in the confusion, and his eldest sons attained martydom in Chamkaur, where he had found temporary shelter. Guru Sahib then evacuated Chamkaur, and travelled in the Malwa region with several Khalsas. He reached the village of Khidrana, where he met up with Mai Bhago and the forty Sikhs. Together, they challenged the pursuing Mughal army, and fought furiously, forcing it to retreat. All forty Sikhs attained martyrdom in this pitched. Mahan Singh, who was fatally injured, died, as the Guru took him into his lap. Guru Gobind Singh then blessed those forty dead as the Forty Liberated Ones, Chali Mukte. He took into his care Mai Bhago, who had also suffered injury in the battle. She, thereafter, stayed with Guru Gobind Singh as one of his bodyguards. After the death of Guru Gobind Singh at Nanded in 1708, Mai Bhago retired further south. She settled down at Jinvara, 11 km from Bidar in Karnataka where, immersed in meditation, she lived to attain a ripe old age.

Details of the painting
Mata Bhag Kaur ji always reminds me to take an active role in moving myself and those around me, towards the Gurus’ way, towards meditation, social work and martial arts, and she reminds me to be the leader of change and to avoid waiting around for change to “just happen”.


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